Tuesday, October 26News That Matters

Tag: Native Americans

Biden to Restore Three National Monuments in Utah and New England

Biden to Restore Three National Monuments in Utah and New England

Technology
Bears Ears is named for a pair of towering buttes that dominate much of the landscape of southeast Utah, and it is the site of ancient Native cliff dwellings and sacred burial grounds. It is the ancestral homeland of five tribal nations — the Navajo Nation, Hopi Tribe, Ute Indian Tribe, Ute Mountain Ute Tribe and Pueblo of Zuni.Conservation groups welcomed the news. “Thank you, President Biden — you have listened to Indigenous tribes and the American people and ensured these landscapes will be protected for generations to come,” said Jennifer Rokala, director of the Center for Western Priorities, an advocacy organization. “The cultural and paleontological resources within the Bears Ears and Grand Staircase landscapes are too important to leave at risk.”Ms. Haaland, the country’s first Nati...
Push to Return 116,000 Native American Remains Is Long-Awaited

Push to Return 116,000 Native American Remains Is Long-Awaited

LifeStyle
“The work is never done when it comes to NAGPRA,” said John Stomberg, the Hood Museum’s director.A new policy announced in March is supposed to help the University of California, Berkeley repatriate more than 9,500 Native American remains. Its collection is the largest one in the country, according to the National Park Service, and it has stayed that way, according to university officials, because previous administrators delayed repatriation proceedings.“Historically, UC Berkeley has seen repatriation and NAGPRA as a process that conflicts with the research interests of the university,” Thomas Torma, the school’s liaison for the law, said over email. “As a result of these changes, in the past year, we have been able to transfer at least 297 individuals and 15,792 of their belongings back t...
Is Travel Next in the Fight Over Who Profits from Native American Culture?

Is Travel Next in the Fight Over Who Profits from Native American Culture?

Travel
According to the National Park Service, the architect Frank Redford, who had patented his design for a tepee-shaped building, disliked that word so he called them wigwams instead. Wigwams are domed, cone-shaped or rectangular structures used by the Algonquian and some other Indigenous people in the eastern half of North America.In 1938, Chester Lewis was so taken with a Wigwam village he saw in Kentucky, he purchased the plans and rights to use the name. One of the Wigwam motels remains in the Lewis family. That one, off Route 66 in Holbrook, Ariz., was the sixth village built, and periodically gets a nod in movies and television. The “village” features 15 28-foot-tall white concrete-and-steel, tepee-shaped units decorated with a red zigzag and arranged in a semicircle. Calls to a motel sp...
With Guardians, Cleveland Steps Away From an Offensive Name

With Guardians, Cleveland Steps Away From an Offensive Name

Sports
Philip Yenyo has been protesting outside Cleveland’s baseball stadiums for 30 years, demanding the local Major League Baseball team change a name many consider racist. But next spring, Yenyo will put down his signs and take his 11-year-old son inside Progressive Field for the first time.“We can finally go to a game,” said Yenyo, the executive director of the American Indian Movement of Ohio. “I can’t wait to tell him. We’ve been waiting a very long time for this.”Yenyo will be able to attend because Cleveland announced on Friday that it will change its name from Indians to Guardians, becoming the latest sports team to veer away from team names and mascots that reference Indigenous people.For decades, Native American groups like Yenyo’s and others have petitioned sports teams to eliminate I...
Patricia Marroquin Norby is Bringing a Native Perspective to the Met

Patricia Marroquin Norby is Bringing a Native Perspective to the Met

LifeStyle
Big, bold and by many accounts about time, the Metropolitan Museum of Art’s 56-word land-acknowledgment plaque, placed on its Fifth Avenue facade in May, honors the Indigenous peoples past and present (principally the Lenape) whose homeland the institution occupies.Visitors to the Met, or the Art Institute of Chicago, or any of the other museums where land acknowledgments greet them, may well wonder how these sentiments, crafted with extreme care and usually in consultation with Indigenous communities, fit with galleries containing some two centuries of art depicting Native Americans as occasionally brave, sometimes demonic and most often doomed. Not to mention their proximity to many art historical celebrations of Manifest Destiny in landscapes by Alfred Bierstadt, Thomas Moran and others...
Inked Mummies, Linking Tattoo Artists With Their Ancestors

Inked Mummies, Linking Tattoo Artists With Their Ancestors

Technology
In the 1970s, hunters stumbled upon eight 500-year-old bodies preserved by the Arctic climate near Qilakitsoq, an abandoned Inuit settlement in northwest Greenland. Later, when scientists photographed the mummies with infrared film, they made an intriguing discovery: Five of the six females had delicate lines, dots and arches tattooed on their faces.For thousands of years, tattoos were more than just body decoration for Inuit and other Indigenous cultures. They served as symbols of belonging, signified coming-of-age rituals, channeled spiritual beliefs or conferred powers that could be called upon while giving birth or hunting. Yet starting around the 17th century, missionaries and colonists intent on “civilizing” Indigenous people put a stop to tattooing in all but the most remote communi...
Training the Next Generation of Indigenous Data Scientists

Training the Next Generation of Indigenous Data Scientists

Technology
“Native DNA is so sought after that people are looking for proxy data, and one of the big proxy data is the microbiome” Mr. Yracheta said. “If you’re a Native person, you have to consider all these variables if you want to protect your people and your culture.”In a presentation at the conference, Joslynn Lee, a member of the Navajo, Laguna Pueblo and Acoma Pueblo Nations and a biochemist at Fort Lewis College in Durango, Colo., spoke about her experience tracking the changes in microbial communities in rivers that experienced a mine wastewater spill in Silverton, Colo. Dr. Lee also offered practical tips on how to plan a microbiome analysis, from collecting a sample to processing it.In a data-science career panel, Rebecca Pollet, a biochemist and a member of the Cherokee Nation, noted how ...
Dispossessed, Again: Climate Change Hits Native Americans Especially Hard

Dispossessed, Again: Climate Change Hits Native Americans Especially Hard

Technology
In Chefornak, a Yu’pik village near the western coast of Alaska, the water is getting closer.The thick ground, once frozen solid, is thawing. The village preschool, its blue paint peeling, sits precariously on wooden stilts in spongy marsh between a river and a creek. Storms are growing stronger. At high tide these days, water rises under the building, sometimes keeping out the children, ages 3 to 5. The shifting ground has warped the floor, making it hard to close the doors. Mold grows.“I love our building,” said Eliza Tunuchuk, one of the teachers. “At the same time, I want to move.”The village, where the median income is about $11,000 a year, sought help from the federal government to build a new school on dry land — one of dozens of buildings in Chefornak that must be relocated. But ag...
Deb Haaland Wants to Restore National Monuments Slashed by Trump

Deb Haaland Wants to Restore National Monuments Slashed by Trump

Technology, World
WASHINGTON — Interior Secretary Deb Haaland has advised President Biden to restore sweeping environmental protections to three major national monuments that had been stripped away by former President Donald J. Trump.In a report sent to the White House earlier this month that has not been made public, Ms. Haaland recommended that Mr. Biden reinstate the original boundaries, which included millions of acres at Bears Ears National Monument and Grand Staircase-Escalante, two rugged and pristine expanses in Utah defined by red rock canyons, rich wildlife and archaeological treasures.A spokeswoman for Gov. Spencer J. Cox of Utah confirmed Monday that Ms. Haaland had made the recommendations.Mr. Trump had sharply reduced the size of both national monuments at the urging of ranchers and many Repub...
Line 3 Protest Tests 2 of Biden’s Campaign Pledges

Line 3 Protest Tests 2 of Biden’s Campaign Pledges

Technology, World
In April, Enbridge’s chief executive, Al Monaco, said Line 3 was on schedule to be completed by the end of the year. Native American tribes see the construction as a violation of their tribal sovereignty, an issue that President Biden explicitly pledged to prioritize during his campaign.The pipeline would pass through treaty-protected tribal lands, they stress, including watersheds that support wild rice, a staple food and important cultural heritage of the Ojibwe People. And in the event of a spill, the heavy oil traveling through the pipeline could sink to the bottom of rivers and streams, complicating a cleanup, environmental groups warn.In recent years, protesters in Minnesota and across the country have faced a growing number of local bills, backed by the oil and gas industry, that in...